The Melaka Syariah Court (hereinafter refferred as "MSC") was constituted under the Section 39 of Administration of Syariah Law (State of Melaka) 1959. Since its early establishment until 1989, MSC was put under the administration of Melaka Islamic Religious Department. (hereinafter referred as "MIRD").
However, the administration of MSC was separated from MIRD in year 1990 and it operated at MIRD’s building in Jalan Tengkera and was then relocated to the Red Building at Jalan Kota. Later, it then moved to Jalan Kee Ann. In 1995 MSC then shifted to Malacca Court Complex, Lebuh Ayer Keroh, Melaka and emains here until now.
The MSC has jurisdiction over Civil Mal cases, criminal, and distribution of property (faraid) cases in all hierarchy of Syariah courts whereby it comprises Syariah Subordinate Court, Syariah High Court and Syariah Court of Appeal which are provided under Islamic Family Law (State of Melaka)Enactments 2002, Administration of the Religion of Islam (State of Melaka) Enactment 2002, Syariah Criminal Procedure(State of Melaka) Enactment 2002, Syariah Court Evidence (State of Melaka) Enactment 2002 and Syariah Criminal Offences Enactment 1991. The administration of Syariah Subordinate Court has been delegated into three districts in Melaka Tengah, Alor Gajah and Jasin.